Hepatology. 2010 Apr .

Bioluminescence imaging allows measuring CD8 T cell function in the liver.

Stabenow D, Frings M, Trück C, Gärtner K, Förster I, Kurts C, Tüting T, Odenthal M, Dienes HP, Cederbrant K, Protzer U, Knolle PA

In vivo evaluation of CD8 T cell effector (cytotoxic T lymphocyte [CTL]) function in peripheral organs such as the liver is currently not possible but would greatly improve our understanding of local immune regulation, because simple determination of antigen-specific CTL numbers does not predict the outcome of immune responses. In particular, measurement of alanine aminotransferase serum levels is not sensitive enough to detect T cell immunity against low numbers of target hepatocytes. We developed a procedure that detects virus-specific effector function of CTLs in the liver after simultaneous adenoviral transfer of reporter and immune target genes into hepatocytes, followed by bioluminescence imaging of reporter genes. Bioluminescence imaging enabled detection of as few as 10,000 infected hepatocytes in vivo, and even more importantly, quantification of antiviral effector function of as few as 50,000 CTLs.

PMID: 20373369 [PubMed - in process]