Focussing of the serine protease urokinase (uPA) to the tumor cell surface via interaction with its receptor (uPAR) is an important step in tumor invasion and metastasis. The human ovarian cancer cell line OV-MZ-6#8 was stably transfected with expression plasmids either encoding cell-associated uPAR (GPI-uPAR) or a soluble form of uPAR (suPAR) lacking its glycan lipid anchor. In vitro, high level synthesis of functionally active recombinant suPAR inhibited cell proliferation and led to reduced cell-associated fibrin matrix degradation, whereas fibrinolytic activity was increased in OV-MZ-6#8 cells overexpressing GPI-uPAR. Both OV-MZ-6#8-derived clones were inoculated into the peritoneum of nude mice and tested for tumor growth and spread. High level synthesis of recombinant suPAR (without altering the physiological expression levels of GPI-uPAR and uPA in these cells) resulted in a significant reduction of tumor burden (up to 86%) in the xenogeneic mouse model. In contrast, overexpression of GPI-uPAR in tumor cells did not affect tumor growth. Our results demonstrate that high levels of suPAR in the ovarian cancer cell vicinity can act as a potent scavenger for uPA, thereby significantly reducing tumor cell growth and cancer progression in vivo.